Lotan Constructed Wetlands and Ecological- educational Bird Park
The wetlands were built as part of an ecological- educational Bird Park in conjunction with the Jewish National Fund and the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel/Bird Life International. It fulfills three main aims:
The Kibbutz Lotan constructed wetland project is worthy of attention because of the technical aspects of the sewage treatment system as well as distinctive elements associated with this particular system:
Testing of the System - The constructed wetlands (CW) system combines a number of Horizontal - Subsurface Flow System (SFS) used predominantly in Europe with a final Free Water Surface System (FWS) “polishing pond” used more commonly in the United States. A succession of specific vegetation was chosen according to the characteristics of the sewage including salinity, the climate and conditions of the wetland location.
The treated water will be utilized completely in a Bird Park that will be built along with the CW within the kibbutz property line. The plan, based on experience gained in the Kibbutz Lotan Bird Reserve and in its Educational Eco-Park, includes open bodies of water for aquatic fowl and a selection of vegetation-like alfalfa which can be grown yearlong. In addition to the ecological niche that the CW vegetation provides, when organically grown it contains no pesticides that affect the migratory bird’s health and reproductive proficiency. The decision to incorporate the CW as an intricate component of a birdwatching-tourism facility will showcase the system so to acquire public acceptance towards impending utilization in other communities.
From Israel's national report to The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Convention):
Kibbutz Lotan is a leader of the Eilot Regional Council’s commitment to sustainable development
|Copyright © 2002-2009 [Kibbutz Lotan Center for Creative Ecology]. All rights reserved.|